Bg main 12

View Photo

Overband Crack Seal

THREE TIPS FOR BETTER CRACK SEALING

Crack sealing is an essential part of any pavement maintenance program, so it’s important to do the job correctly. Because Maxwell Products, Inc. has been in business since 1975 and started in contracting before transitioning to manufacturing, our people have “been there and fixed that.” Below, we offer the benefit of over 40 years experience with three tips directly from our pavement preservation professionals to help you better seal pavement cracking:

According to the University of Illinois department of civil engineering, two climatic factors should be considered prior to crack sealing: 1

Temperature:

The Illinois study recommends temperatures between 40° and 80° Fahrenheit for optimal sealant performance.

Season:

Illinois recommends applying crack sealant in the spring and autumn when cracks are not at their extreme closure or opening.

Routing:

An often ignored step in proper crack sealing procedure, routing can help your crack sealant perform better. Routing creates a uniform reservoir at the crack opening large enough to accommodate movement caused by thermal expansion and contraction. Without this reservoir, sealants cannot handle drastic ground movement and may separate or re-open sooner.

“Routing is one of the best ways to ensure that your cracks stay sealed longer,” said Maxwell Products’ salesperson, Dave McIntosh. “When you rout a crack, even in a parking lot, and you cut that reservoir into the crack, it allows the crack to expand and contract better and allows the material to penetrate the crack deeper than it could by itself.”

Use a pavement crack router to open the crack to the desired width and depth. We recommend a ½- to 1-inch wide by ½- to 1-inch deep (depending on the amount of local ground movement) rout to ensure a proper seal and expansion buffer. The Federal Highway Administration recommends using carbide router blades rather than steel and checking blades for sharpness to ensure desired cutting width.2

Cleaning and drying:

Debris, loose dirt, and moisture can prevent crack sealants from obtaining optimum adhesion, thereby weakening the bond and possibly allowing moisture penetration. The best policy is to ensure you clean the crack of loose materials and dry any moisture that may have collected. Heating asphalt pavement has the added benefit of softening the asphalt binder, providing a better bonding environment for the crack sealant.

Use a compressed air blower to clean off the crack walls and the surface around the crack (we recommend a 185 CFM compressor), and use a wire broom to remove any caked-on dirt or loose pavement. Where necessary, use a hot air lance to simultaneously clean and dry the crack, but be careful to avoid burning the pavement, which can create even more problems.

Maxwell’s northeastern sales representative, Rick Stone recommends the use of a hot air lance year round. “The hot air not only blows out the crack and dries it, it also softens the binder in the [asphalt pavement]. So then the crack is cleaned, dried, and now sticky. The sticky crack now bonds better with the sticky sealant. You enhance the chances of a better seal.”

Maxwell Products always recommends carefully selecting the right product for the job. The correct sealant for your cracks will meet local specifications, properly accommodate thermal expansion/contraction, and be formulated to perform in the given local conditions.

“If you choose the appropriate product for your [geolocation],” said salesperson Dustin Brown, “you’ll get better performance in setup time, and the material will stay in place.”

But how do you select the right material for your area? That can be a complicated question, factoring climate, intended use (highway, parking lot, rural road, etc), direct fire or oil jacketed melters, and more. To get answers specific to your area, call one of Maxwell Products’ experienced and helpful sales professionals (like Dave, Rick, and Dustin) at 1-800-266-2090, Extension 2, or go to the brand pages on our website (Elastoflex or NUVO), and get a quick recommendation by entering your zipcode in the text box and clicking on the COMPARE button.

Try out these quick and easy tips, and seal pavement cracks even better than before. For more pavement maintenance tips and suggestions click over to our Solution Center, or use the Search box above to find your particular pavement issue, along with potential solutions.

  1. Imad L. Al-Qadi, et al, “Validation of Hot-Pour Crack Sealant Performance-Based Guidelines: Aspahalt Crack Sealant Field Installation Guidelines.” March 2017 

  2. KL Smith and AR Romine, “Materials and Procedures for Sealing and Filling Cracks in Asphalt-Surfaced Pavements,” report number FHWA-RD-99-147, Federal Highway Administration, June 1999. 

« Back to Articles

no comments

Post a Comment